DNA Diet Matching Doesn’t Work
A new study finds it doesn’t matter whether people try low-
Food, Mood and Aging
Young and mature adults require different foods to improve their mental health, say researchers from the State University of New York at Binghampton. The researchers used an anonymous Internet survey, asking people around the world to complete the Food-
Vegetables Harvested in Antarctica Without Sun, Soil or Pesticides
Scientists in Antarctica have harvested the first crop of vegetables grown without soil, daylight or pesticides as part of a project designed to help astronauts cultivate fresh food on other planets. Researchers at Germany’s Neumayer Station III say eight pounds of salad greens, 18 cucumbers and 70 radishes....
Children attending schools with Farm-
Food Safety Tips for People with Diabetes
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) now has available a free booklet called “Food Safety for People with Diabetes.” Practicing food safety is critical for people who have diabetes, the FDA says, because diabetes can affect the function of various organs and systems of the body, making people living....
Researchers Create Genetically Modified Gluten-
Bread’s appealing texture is gluten, a group of proteins found in wheat, rye and barley. But gluten damages the small intestines of people with the serious autoimmune disorder celiac disease. Most gluten-
Tomatoes No Longer Considered ‘Poison Apples’
Originating in Mesoamerica, tomatoes were part of the Aztecs’ diet as early as 700 A.D., but they weren’t grown in Britain until the 1590s. First arriving in southern Europe in the early 16th century via Spanish conquistadors returning from Mesoamerica, the tomato was considered a “poison apple”
U.S. Obesity Rates Begin to Level
After years of increasing, adult obesity rates remained stable in 45 states from 2015 to 2016, according to a new report from the Trust for America’s Health, a nonprofit health advocacy organization, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, a philanthropic organization that funds health research.
Milk Proteins Make Edible Wrapping
To create an all-
Diet Soda Can Cause Weight Gain
Diet sodas with aspartame can boost the appetite, said a study published in the International Journal of Obesity last December. The researchers found people who consumed diet drinks with aspartame felt hungrier than those who did not, and thus ended up consuming more calories.
Ruby Ring Red Onions Fight Cancer
Lead Found in Baby Food
Detectable levels of lead were found in 20 percent of 2,164 baby food samples. Analyzing 11 years of federal data, the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) found the toxic metal most commonly in fruit juices, root vegetables and teething biscuits and cookies.
A new study corroborates previous studies that show switching to diet soda may not help cut calories. Diet drinks contain a chemical that boosts the appetite. Research published in the International Journal of Obesity found those who consumed diet drinks with aspartame felt hungrier than those who did not.
Don’t Reheat These Foods
Some foods can lose their health benefits or even cause food poisoning if they are reheated in a microwave. Celery and spinach contain nitrates that turn into toxic nitrates and carcinogenic nitrosamines after reheating. Eggs can also become toxic after reheating, so it’s best to use leftover eggs cold....
People who follow diets with little to no gluten were found to have a slightly higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes over a few decades, according to researchers at Harvard University School of Public Health. “We wanted to determine if gluten consumption will affect health in people with....
Labels Confuse People with Food Allergies
Food allergies affect approximately 8 percent of children and up to 2 percent of adults. Almost 40 percent of children with a food allergy have experienced at least one life-
Experimenting with a new field called plant nanobionics, MIT scientists have embedded the leaves of spinach plants with carbon nano-
Understanding Sticker Codes on Produce
The Price Look Up (PLU) codes on the stickers placed on fruits and vegetables reveal important information. A four-
Fruit Protein Could Be New Sweetener Alternative
A new sweetener alternative that tastes more like sugar than other substitutes may be possible to obtain from a fruit protein called brazzein. Brazzein is far sweeter than sugar but has fewer calories
Cancer and Sugar-
A study by researchers at the Louisiana State University Health Science Center in New Orleans suggests age is an important factor in the association between cancer and sugar-
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Tomatoes No Longer Considered ‘Poison Apples’
Originating in Mesoamerica, tomatoes were part of the Aztecs’ diet as early as 700 A.D., but they weren’t grown in Britain until the 1590s. First arriving in southern Europe in the early 16th century via Spanish conquistadors returning from Mesoamerica, the tomato was considered a “poison apple” for nearly 200 years because some aristocrats died when the acid in tomatoes leached lead from pewter plates. Europe began embracing the tomato after the invention of pizza in Naples around the 1880s, but it took England and America a while to come around. Today, tomatoes are the world’s highest-
called volatiles (which stimulate smell receptors). “The tomato is not like many of the common fruits you might think of, like bananas or strawberries, where if I just gave you one volatile you’d say, ‘Oh, that’s a banana,’” said Harry J. Klee, crops genetics researcher and professor of horticultural sciences at the University of Florida. “There are at least 25 different volatile chemicals and aroma compounds that contribute to the flavor of a tomato. Of those volatiles, 13 are significantly reduced in the modern varieties.” Although the researchers believe it’s possible to improve the flavor of commercially produced tomatoes, there are some caveats: Commercial crop yields will drop by 10 percent; the price will increase; and they will never be as flavorful as locally produced vine varieties.
Your Diet Can Change Your DNA
Recent studies suggest what we eat could modify our genes and potentially those of future generations. Epigenetics is the study of how different biological and environmental signals affect gene expression. Rather than change DNA itself, epigenetic signals can, for example, prompt changes in the number of methyl chemical groups attached to a gene, turning it on or off. Diets are
important sources of epigenetic signals. Scientists are investigating how eating habits modify gene expression in adults and their offspring. A famous example is the Dutch Hunger Winter in 1944, when a famine struck the western Netherlands, forcing the population to live on between 400-
Angela is a staff writer for Health & Wellness magazine.